Brandon Rozek

Lecture for January 30

Random Number Generator

One of the ways you can do a random number generator is through this method:

Import a class called random

import java.util.Random;

Then you need to create a Random object

Random rand = new Random();

After this you can call the nextInt() method to get a random number between 0 and $2^{32}$

int randInt = rand.nextInt();

If you don’t want a random number between 0 and $2^{32}$ but instead to another maximum value, then you can call the nextInt method inserting the max integer as a parameter.

Random Integer from 0-10 (not including 10)

int randInt2 = rand.nextInt(10);

Output

We have already encountered System.out.println and System.out.print but let us go over the differences again.

System.out.println() prints the contents inside the parenthesis and appends a newline character afterwards so that the next output is on a new line

System.out.print() prints the contents inside the parenthesis and does not output a newline character

Formatting Output

If you want more control on how your output is displayed, it is recommended that you use System.out.printf to format your output

First, you need to specify your type using the % instruction

Example:

int sum = 50;
System.out.printf("Total = %d", sum);

This outputs

Total = 50

Notice here that there is no concatenation required like the previous two methods, instead you insert the variables as parameters

Let us deconstruct the % instruction

% __ __ . __ __

The first underline is the + - 0 space (sometimes we want to pad the money with zeros)

The second underline is the width of the text

The third underline is the number of decimal places

The the final underline is the specifier f for decimal and d for integer

Example

double amount = 0.5;
System.out.printf("Total Due: %0.2f")

This outputs

Total Due: 0.50